south africa south africa, officially the republic of south africa (rsa), is the southernmost country in africa.with over 60 million people, it is the world's 23rdmost populous nation and covers an area of 1,2,037 square kilometres (471,445 square miles). south africa has three capital cities executive pretoria, judicial bloemfontein and legislative cape town.economy of south africa the economy of south africa is the second largest in africa. however, it is the most industrialized, technologically advanced, and diversified economy in africa overall. south africa is an uppermiddleincome economy, one of only eight such countries in africa. following 96, at the end of over twelve s of international sanctions, south africa's gross domestic product (nominal) almostthe world's biggest g mines top tenjan 30, · south deep g mine is the largest g mine in the world, by reserves. located 45km southwest of johannesburg in the witwatersrand basin, south africa, south deep is also the seventh deepest mine in the world, with a mine depth up to 2,998m below the surface. the managed mineral reserve at south deep as of december stood at 32.8moz.
water wise water situation in south africain south africa the scarce fresh water is decreasing in quality because of an increase in pollution and the destruction of river catchments, caused by urbanisation, deforestation, damming of rivers, destruction of wetlands, industry, mining, agriculture, energy use and accidental water pollution.problems in the mining industry in south africa ecdpmthe current turbulence in the mining industry in south africa has its roots in several different factors. first, the fall in global demand for platinum and other minerals due to recession; second, the consequences of the marikana disaster in destabilising labour relations; and third, the structural character of our mining industry. a great deal has been written about the first two factors, somining in sa minerals council south africain many ways, south africas political, social and economic landscape has been dominated by mining, given that, for so many s, the sector has been the mainstay of the south african economy. although g, diamonds, platinum and coal are the most wellknown among the minerals and metals mined, south africa also hosts chrome, vanadiumrichards bay minerals rio tintorichards bay minerals (rbm) is a world leader in heavy mineral sands extraction and refining and is south africas largest mineral sands producer. rbm mines the vast mineral rich sands of the northern kwazulunatal province and produces predominantly ilmenite, rutile and zircon materials used
mineral resources and energy south african governmentsouth africa derives over 70% of its energy requirement (electricity and liquid fuels) from coal. according to the minerals council south africa, the coal industry employed 94,297 people in , representing about % of total employment in the mining sector.department of mineral resourcessouth africa is open for business and the country has vast mineral resources and government is committed to support investors and grow junior miners to be at a level of big mining companies. the partnership between the two department brought over 50 junior miners in response to the launch of the junior miners program in .the social and environmental consequences of coal miningcoal mining in south africa it was mining that gave south africa its current shape through processes from the 80s to 10. g mining took centre stage early, both because of its importance for the british and thus global monetary system and the profits to be made. cheap